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Got yellow teeth? effective natural ways to whiten teeth



Srinagar, Jan 03: Nobody likes to look at yellow, tainted teeth. Having a pair of brighter, whiter teeth not only makes you look good but gives you the confidence to smile more. But not everyone is blessed with pearly whites. Also, not everyone has zillions of dollars and a lot of time to get professional treatments.

So, what can you do to get a megawatt smile? Well, some home remedies can help. But first, let’s take a look at what causes the problem.

What Causes Yellow Teeth?

Tooth discolouration happens when the colour of your teeth change and don’t look as bright as it should. It can be due to a multitude of reasons, including food choices, poor dental hygiene, smoking, ageing, genetics, environment, and certain medication. Some diseases and treatments can also affect the enamel, which is the outermost layer of your teeth.

Home Remedies To Get White Teeth

If you are suffering from the same problem, here are some home remedies to help you get of yellow teeth.

Oil Pulling

Oil pulling using coconut oil offers many dental health benefits. It helps reduce plaque formation and alleviate the risk of gingivitis, which leads to whitening of teeth.

How to use: Swish a teaspoon of virgin coconut oil in your mouth for about 10 minutes. Do not swallow the oil. Spit it out and rinse your mouth using normal water. Drink a glass of water over it and brush your teeth. You can do this daily for effective results.

Baking Soda

Baking soda contains natural whitening properties that can help you get rid of those pearly whites. This is the main reason why this ingredient is used in many kinds of toothpastes. It is a mild abrasive that helps get rid of the stains.

How to use: Take a teaspoon of baking soda and mix it with a few drops of water to make a thick paste. Brush your teeth using the mixture for a couple of minutes. Rinse your mouth after doing this. Doing this once or twice every day can help you get rid of yellow teeth.

Apple Cider Vinegar

ACV is one ingredient that can provide benefits to many parts of your body, including your teeth. It exhibits bleaching properties that can help get rid of the stains and whiten your teeth.

How to use: Take one or two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and mix it in a cup of water. Use the mixture as a mouth rinse for a minute and rinse your mouth with plain water. Do this once daily before brushing your teeth.

Fruit Peels

Some studies have shown that peels of banana, orange and lemon contain citric acid, which can help to whiten your teeth. It also contains antibacterial properties that can help reduce the growth of bacteria in the mouth.

How to use: Take a banana, orange or lemon peel and scrub your teeth with it. Leave it for a minute or two before brushing your teeth. Rinse your mouth with plain water. Do this once daily to see results.

Activated Charcoal

It is believed that activated charcoal can help remove stains, get rid of the bacteria and toxins in the mouth.

How to use: Put some powdered activated charcoal on a toothbrush and gently brush your teeth using small circles for two minutes. Rinse your mouth with water. Be careful around your gums as activated charcoal can be abrasive.

Note: Make sure you consult a professional medical practitioner before using any of the remedies mentioned in the article.

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Medical Science

Union Govt releases guidelines for battling Monkeypox outbreak



Srinagar, Aug 03: In the wake of the rising cases of Monkeypox in the country, Union Health Ministry on Wednesday released guidelines to prevent the spread of Monkeypox disease, ANI reported.

Also Read: Soldier injured in accidental fire in Kulgam, says Police

The Ministry, in its official communication, informed that there was no reported case of the Monkeypox virus in India till May 31, 2022. However, India needs to be prepared in view of the increasing reports of cases in non-endemic countries.

What is Monkeypox?

Monkeypox (MPX) is a viral zoonotic disease with symptoms similar to smallpox, although with less clinical severity. MPX was first discovered in 1958 in colonies of monkeys kept for research, hence the name ‘Monkeypox.’

The first human case of Monkeypox was reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 1970. The Monkeypox Virus primarily occurs in Central and West Africa. In 2003, the first Monkeypox outbreak outside of Africa was reported in the United States of America, which was linked to contact with infected pet prairie dogs. These pets had been housed with Gambian pouched rats and dormice that had been imported into the country from Ghana.

Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases occur more commonly among children and are related to the extent of virus exposure, patient health status and nature of complications.

Mode of Transmission

Human-to-human transmission is known to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring prolonged close contact. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens of an infected person.

Animal-to-human transmission may occur by a bite or scratch of infected animals like small mammals including rodents (rats, squirrels) and non-human primates (monkeys, apes) or through bush meat preparation.

Suspected case

A person of any age having history of travel to affected countries within the last 21 days presenting with an unexplained acute rash and one or more of the following signs or symptoms.

Swollen lymph nodes
Body aches
profound weakness

Common symptoms and signs

Prodrome (0-5 days)

a. Fever

b. Lymphadenopathy

Typically occurs with fever onset

Periauricular, axillary, cervical or inguinal

Unilateral or bilateralc. Headache, muscle aches, exhaustion

d. Chills and/or sweats

e. Sore throat and cough

Skin involvement (rash)

a. Usually begins within 1-3 days of fever onset, lasting for around 2-4 weeks

b. Deep-seated, well-circumscribed and often develop umbilication

c. Lesions are often described as painful until the healing phase when they become itchy (in the crust stage)

The Ministry further laid down guidelines for proper monitoring of those who came in contact with the infected person.

a) Contacts should be monitored at least daily for the onset of signs/symptoms for a period of 21 days (as per case definition above) from the last contact with a patient or their contaminated materials during the infectious period. In case of occurrence of fever clinical/lab evaluation is warranted.

b) Asymptomatic contacts should not donate blood, cells, tissue, organs or semen while they are under surveillance.

c) Pre-school children may be excluded from day care, nursery, or other group settings.

d) Health workers who have unprotected exposures to patients with monkeypox or possibly contaminated materials do not need to be excluded from work duty if asymptomatic, but should undergo active surveillance for symptoms for 21 days.

Measures to prevent infection with monkeypox virus

  1. Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick person.
  2. Isolate infected patients from others.
  3. Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  4. Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.
  5. Surveillance and rapid identification of new cases is critical for outbreak containment. During human Monkeypox outbreaks, close contact with infected persons is the most significant risk factor for monkeypox virus infection. Health workers and household members are at a greater risk of infection.
  6. Health workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed monkeypox virus infection, or handling specimens from them, should implement standard infection control precautions. Samples taken from people and animals with suspected monkeypox virus infection should be handled by trained staff working in suitably equipped laboratories. Patient specimens must be safely prepared for transport with triple packaging in accordance with WHO guidance for transport of infectious substances.

Infection Prevention and Control (IPC)

A combination of standard, contact, and droplet precautions should be applied in all healthcare settings when a patient presents with fever and vesicular/pustular rash. In addition, because of the theoretical risk of airborne transmission of Monkeypox virus, airborne precautions should be applied as per risk assessment.

In the wake of the rising cases of Monkeypox in the country, Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya on Tuesday assured citizens not to panic and said that an awareness campaign is being run in collaboration with the state governments to prevent the spread of the infection.

Speaking in Rajya Sabha on Tuesday during the ongoing Monsoon session of the Parliament, the Union Minister said, “There is no need to be afraid of Monkeypox, an awareness campaign is being run in collaboration with the state governments: Public awareness is very necessary in the context of Monkeypox. We have also formed a task force under the chairmanship of a member of NITI Aayog on behalf of the Government of India.”

“On the basis of the observations of the task force, we will assess and study the further action to be taken. If the state government of Kerala needs any kind of help from the Central government, it will be given. Also, an expert team of the Central government is guiding the state government from time to time,” he said.

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Medical Science

India reports first Monkeypox casuality



Thiruvananthapuram, Aug 01: The death of the 22-year-old youth, who came from the UAE to Trissur on July 22, has now been confirmed as the first monkeypox casuality in India, said Kerala health authorities on Monday.

The samples were sent to NIV Pune and the results came on Monday as positive.

Also Read: Man kills son-in-law by slitting his throat over harassment of his daughter

22 year old Hafeez passed away on Sunday and after that suspicions were there if it was monkeypox. Soon the health authorities swung into action and started preparing a detailed contact list of him after his arrival at the Kozhikode airport.

It has been found out that four of his friends and his family members were also there, to receive him at the airport.

The next day he was out playing football with his friends. On July 27, he collapsed and was taken to a local clinic and from there he was moved to a hospital, where he was undergoing treatement and passed away on Sunday.

Also Read: Baramulla: RDD official caught redhanded while taking bribe of Rs 4000

The health department has already begun their job to get in touch with all those who came in contact with the deceased.

The health officials are also finding out if any information was withheld. State Revenue Minister K. Rajan, who hails from Trissur, said so far 21 people have been identified as primary contacts and have been isolated.

“So far, there have been no reports of any primary contacts having any issues. However the health officials are leaving nothing to chance and a high alert is on,” said Rajan.

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Unnecessary referral of patients to tertiary hospitals continue unabated



Srinagar, Jul 23: Unnecessary referrals of patients from districts to tertiary care hospitals goes unchecked in Kashmir putting burden on men and machinery at the hospitals.

Doctors posted at tertiary care hospitals in Srinagar told news agency—Kashmir News Observer (KNO) unnecessary referrals of patients from sub district and district hospitals is over burdening these hospitals.

“We receive dozens of patients on a daily basis who can be managed at sub-district and district hospitals easily but they are being referred here,” said a doctor working at SMHS Hospital.

He said that there is a difference of facilities available at district hospitals and tertiary care hospitals but most of the time around 30 percent of patients are being referred unnecessarily who can be easily treated at sub district and district hospitals.

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Doctors said that so far the government has issued many circulars in order to avoid unnecessary referrals but the ground situation remains the same.

They said that the government has already improved the infrastructure status of peripheral hospitals of peripherals but it must be improved further so that doctors won’t give any excuse and unnecessary referrals can be avoided.

In May, the government had ordered an audit of all referrals from district level hospitals to tertiary care hospitals in order to optimize the manpower available in peripheries and patient services across the healthcare system.

Also Read: Two officials held in Tehsil office Baramulla for accepting bribe of Rs 4000: ACB

Medical superintendent SMHS Hospital Dr Kanwaljeet Singh said that if they question patients about referrals, it makes attendants violent.

“There are some patients who can be treated at district and sub district hospitals but are referred to tertiary care hospitals,” he said.

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