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Fight drug menace unitedly: DHSK

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Says most of drug addicts are IV drug users; HIV, hepatitis common among IV drug users

Srinagar, Oct 17: Tobacco is the gateway for all the addictions and unitedly we must fight the menace of drug addiction, Director Health Services Kashmir Dr Mushtaq Ahmed Rather said on Monday.

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As per news agency—Kashmir News Observer (KNO), while talking to reporters on the sidelines of a state level workshop on tobacco control and drug de addiction at Hotel Management, Rajbagh here, Dr Mushtaq said that the aim of organising this programme is to talk about the drug addiction menace and make people aware about its ill effects.

He said that tobacco is the gateway for all other addictions as all addictions start from smoking and slowly he ends up taking heroin and IV drugs.

He said that we shouldn’t neglect small things like smoking and unitedly whosoever is in our society has to play a role to curb the menace starting from smoking to IV drugs.

As per our study, 70,000 drug addicts were seen and among them 50,000 were IV drug users which is very dangerous as HIV, hepatitis and other diseases are common among IV drug users, he said.

He urged all officials of all levels to play their role in curbing this menace besides that Mohalla committees and parents must play role by keeping tight vigil on their kins so that they won’t go towards addictions and save their lives.

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Medical Science

Arthritis: 5 Superfoods to relieve you from chronic joint pain in Winters

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Even though winters may not directly cause arthritis, the cold is believed to exacerbate the aches and pains that come with the autoimmune condition.

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There are extra difficulties with arthritis in the winter season, such as stiffer blood vessels around joints, which are easily resolved with a few alterations in lifestyle.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, excellent posture, and consuming certain foods might help reduce inflammation and lessen some of the joint pain brought on by arthritis.

You might already be taking prescription or over-the-counter medications to treat morning stiffness, irritation, and joint discomfort. Fortunately, there are several foods with potent ingredients that can reduce inflammation and possibly lessen some joint discomfort. Nutritionist Lovneet Batra shares 5 superfoods that will relieve some of the joint pain.

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5 SUPERFOODS TO RELIEVE YOU FROM ARTHRITIS JOINT PAIN:

Raw Turmeric: Turmeric is a brilliant yellow spice common in Indian cuisine. It is rich in a chemical called curcumin. Research has shown that curcumin, a compound in turmeric, may reduce inflammation in the body.

Garlic: Garlic contains diallyl disulphide, an anti-inflammatory compound that limits the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, garlic can help fight inflammation and improve overall joint health.

Ginger: Ginger and its components blocked the production of substances that promote inflammation in the body.

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Walnuts: Walnuts are nutrient-dense and loaded with compounds that may help reduce the inflammation associated with joint disease. Walnuts are especially high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to decrease pain.

Cherries: Cherries are a great source of antioxidants that can help reduce swelling in joints and muscles. Cherries get their bright red colour from anthocyanins. These anthocyanins also act in similar ways to antioxidants, which reduce inflammation in the body.

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It is essential to see a doctor if discomfort is preventing you from going about your normal everyday activities.

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Don’t use antibiotics for low-grade fever, ICMR tells doctors

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The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has advised doctors to avoid using antibiotics in cases of patients with low-grade fever and viral bronchitis among others.

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In its guidelines released on Saturday, the national health research agency has also advised doctors to follow a timeline while prescribing antibiotics.

The ICMR guidelines suggest that antibiotics should be prescribed for five days in case of community-acquired pneumonia and eight days for hospital-acquired pneumonia. For skin and soft tissue infections, it suggests a duration of five days of antibiotic therapy.

“A stop date should be planned and recorded in advance to ensure antibiotics are not given beyond the recommended duration,” according to the guidelines which aim to promote rational use of antibiotics.

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A survey carried out by the ICMR recently to gauge the trend in antibiotic resistance across the country showed Acinetobacter baumannii, a gram-negative bacteria known to cause infection in the blood, urinary tract and lungs among others, was resistant to high-end antibiotics.

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines, making infections more difficult to treat and increasing the risk of severe illness and death.

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Over 1 billion young people potentially at Risk of Hearing loss due to use of Earbuds and Headphones: Research

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At a time when TWS earbuds segment is witnessing exponential growth, more than 1 billion teens and young people are potentially at risk of hearing loss because of their use of headphones and earbuds and attendance at loud music venues, says a new research, IANS reported.

“There is an urgent need for governments, industry, and civil society to prioritise global hearing loss prevention by promoting safe listening practices,” the researchers said.

India’s TWS shipments witnessed a strong second quarter (Q2) with 168 per cent YoY growth and 62 per cent QoQ growth, according to Counterpoint Research’s IoT Service report. This is due to the increased penetration of the low-price band (Rs 1,000-Rs 2,000), multiple discount offers and growing popularity due to convenience of use.

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According to the research published in the journal BMJ Global Health, young people are particularly vulnerable due to their use of personal listening devices (PLDs) such as smartphones, headphones, and earbuds, as well as their attendance at loud music venues, amid poor regulatory enforcement.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that over 430 million people worldwide suffer from disabling hearing loss.

As per previously published research, PLD users frequently choose volumes as high as 105 dB, while average sound levels at entertainment venues ranging from 104 to 112 dB, exceeding permissible levels (80 dB for adults; 75 dB for children), even if only for short periods of time.

In a pooled analysis of data, PLD use and attendance at loud entertainment venues are associated with unsafe listening practices in teens and young people worldwide – 24 per cent and 48 per cent, respectively, according to the research.

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Based on these numbers, the researchers calculate that there are between 0.67 and 1.35 billion teens and young adults worldwide who may be at risk of hearing loss. However, the researchers acknowledge that their findings have significant limitations, such as the varied study design — a particular feature of the studies on entertainment venues — and the absence of standardised methodology. (With Inputs from IANS)

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